Oliver Cromwell and Thomas Cromwell: Were They Related?

The question on everyone’s mind is whether Oliver Cromwell, the well-known English politician and soldier, was related to Thomas Cromwell. In this discussion, we will delve into the topic in detail.

Oliver Cromwell rose to fame during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms (1639-1653) as a prominent commander in the Parliamentarian army. He is considered one of the most influential statesmen in English history and was elected MP for Huntingdon in 1628. From February 29, 1640, to January 20, 1649, he served as a member of Parliament for Cambridge, while representing Huntingdon from January 31, 1628, to March 3, 1629.

Even though Oliver Cromwell passed away on September 3, 1658, he continues to be a topic of interest, with many people curious about his potential relationship with Thomas Cromwell.

Oliver Cromwell and Thomas Cromwell: Were They Related?

Oliver Cromwell and Thomas Cromwell share a family connection that goes back generations. In fact, Oliver’s great-great-grandfather, Morgan ap William, was related to Thomas Cromwell through marriage. Morgan ap William, a brewer from Glamorgan, married Katherine Cromwell, who was Thomas’s sister.

Thomas Cromwell was a prominent English lawyer and statesman who served as the chief minister to King Henry VIII from 1534 to 1540. He played a significant role in the English Reformation, which saw the establishment of the Church of England. However, Thomas made many enemies during his rise to power, including Anne Boleyn, and was ultimately executed by beheading on July 28, 1540.

Oliver Cromwell’s Family History

Oliver Cromwell was born on April 25, 1599, in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England, to Robert Cromwell and Elizabeth Steward. His grandparents were Henry Williams and William Steward. Oliver married Elizabeth Cromwell in 1620, and they remained married until Oliver’s death.

The couple had nine children together: Robert, Oliver, Bridget, Richard, Henry, Elizabeth, James, Mary, and Frances. Unfortunately, all of their children have since passed away.

Following Oliver’s death in 1658 and their son’s abdication in 1659, the Cromwell family lost their influence in state affairs. However, the army pushed the Parliament to provide a suitable livelihood for Elizabeth, Oliver’s wife.

After the restoration of the monarchy in 1660, Elizabeth planned to flee England, collecting numerous valuables to take with her. Tragically, she also passed away in November 1665, leaving behind many grandchildren.[1]

The Death of Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell passed away on September 3, 1658, at the age of 59. His death was attributed to complications related to malaria and kidney stone disease. It’s believed that his passing was hastened by the death of his daughter a month prior.

Following his death, Oliver’s wooden funeral effigy lay in state at Somerset House, draped in robes with a crown, orb, and scepter. A wax mold was also made of his features, and his death mask is currently kept at Warwick Castle.


The Cromwell family history is fascinating, and the connection between Oliver and Thomas Cromwell provides a unique insight into their family tree. Despite their different paths in life, both men played significant roles in English history and continue to be remembered to this day.

Also read | The Mysterious Family and Parents of Jack Teixeira: What We Know So Far

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