Avoid self-medication to manage the symptoms of endometriosis as doing so can be risky. Read on to know more about different stages of endometriosis, symptoms, treatment and more.

Few weeks back, The Kapil Sharma Show’s cast member, Sumona Chakravarti, opened up about suffering from a gynecological condition called Stage IV Endometriosis, which is an unknown entity for many. Sumona took to Instagram to spread awareness regarding the health ailment and explained how important it is to give this disorder that much-needed medical attention. If you are one of those who has symptoms of endometriosis then be warned, and try to get immediate medical attention to improve your quality of life.

Do you experience heavy menstrual flow during periods? Is there severe cramping and pain during periods which extends several days? Do you encounter pain during sexual intercourse, bowel movements or urination? Then, it could be endometriosis. Yes, you have heard it right!

Dr. Sushruta Mokadam, Senior Consultant Obstetrician & Gynecologist, Motherhood Hospital, Kharadi, Pune tells us more about endometriosis, different stages of the disease, symptoms, treatment, and more.

What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a disorder that occurs when the tissue that normally lines the uterus happens to grow outside the uterus, on ovaries, fallopian tubes and pelvic organs. This tissue is shed every month during menstruation and as a result, bleeding occurs at these sites and causes the formation of cysts, scarring and adhesions.

The symptoms: This disorder is accompanied by a host of symptoms, like severe cramping during menstruation, heavy menstrual flow, pain during sexual intercourse. Hence, one showcasing these symptoms will have to look for medical assistance.

Stages of Endometriosis

Endometriosis is classified into 4 stages and the stage does not necessarily reflect the level of pain or specific symptoms. Stages are classified as I [minimal], II [Mild], III [Moderate] and IV [Severe].

At stage IV, a large number of cysts and severe adhesions are present. And can grow large and become the size of a grapefruit. One will also see small cysts on the back wall of the uterus and rectum. Those with endometriosis in these areas may encounter painful bowel movements, abdominal pain, constipation, nausea, and even vomiting.

Furthermore, if the endometrial lesions, cysts, or scar tissue is blocking one or both fallopian tubes, then it can lead to infertility as well. Thus, you may find it difficult to conceive.

Diagnosis And Treatment Of Endometriosis

Physical pelvic examination, ultrasonography, MRI, laparoscopy are some ways to diagnose this condition.

About treatment, unfortunately, there is no cure for endometriosis. But you will be able to manage the symptoms and it is essential to control the symptoms as these can reduce one’s quality of life. You will be unable to perform your daily activities with ease. Your whole daily routine will be disrupted. There are medical and surgical options available. Because of fertility issues, pain, stress, and fear, this disorder can be difficult to handle and will take a toll on your mental well-being.

Pain medications will be prescribed for symptomatic relief. Hormonal contraceptives will also be given to women with endometriosis. In case of infertility owing to endometriosis, one can opt for an IVF treatment after consulting a fertility expert. But avoid self-medication to manage the symptoms of endometriosis as doing so can be risky.

If you’re diagnosed with endometriosis, stay calm and follow the guidelines given by the fertility consultant to lead a healthy life. Don’t hesitate to reach out to your expert once you notice the symptoms of endometriosis. Stick to a well-balanced diet, exercise daily, and stay stress-free. Do not take this condition lightly or ignore it.

Sumona Chakravarti, who has been battling endometriosis since 2011, said that a good eating habit, exercise & most importantly no stress is key to her well-being.

This post first appeared on The Health Site

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